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Pantry 101-General Goods & Condiments 34-39

General goods & Condiments

1. rice
2. dried pasta in different shapes
3. dried onion soup mix
4. tomato paste
5. tomato sauce
6. canned tomatoes
7. peanut butter
8. jelly
9. canned tuna
10. raisins
11. chocolate syrup
12. cereals
13. chicken or beef stock
14. canned soups
15. canned beans
16. olives
17. canned pears
18. canned peaches
19. applesauce
20. vegetable oil
21. olive oil
22. red wine vinegar
23. white wine vinegar
24. vegetable shortening
25. nonstick cooking spray
26. mayonnaise

27. ketchup
28. mustard
29. salad dressings
30. soy sauce
31. hot pepper sauce
32. Worcestershire sauce
33. barbecue sauce
34. salsa
35. honey
36. maple syrup
37. white wine for cooking
38. red wine for cooking
39. Mango Chutney

34) salsa
Salsa means a mixture of things, or any kind of sauce.  It can be savory or sweet.  Most of the Salsa you’ll find in the store has 1/8″ chopped tomatoes, red peppers, onions, lemon and or lime juice.  It can also have garlic, jalapeño peppers, avocado, cilantro corn, olive oil etc, etc.  It is great for dipping corn chips or to add to a flour tortilla.  My favorite is Pico de gallo or Salsa cruda.  Store bought salsas have vinegar and or have been cooked to increase shelf life.  That usually takes away from the flavor of the fresh ingredients.

In Mexican cuisine, Pico de gallo (Spanish for “rooster’s beak“) is a fresh condiment made from chopped tomato, onion, and chiles (typically jalapeños or serranos). Other ingredients may also be added, such as lemon or lime juice, fresh cilantro (leaf of coriander), avocado, cucumber, or radish.

Fresh Pico De Gallo

In some regions of Mexico, a fruit salad tossed in lime juice and sprinkled with a salty Chile powder is also known as pico de gallo, while the tomato-based condiment is better known as salsa picada, which means minced or chopped sauce, or salsa mexicana, because the colors red (tomato), white (onion), and green (chile) are the colors of the Mexican flag.

Pico de gallo can be used in much the same way as Mexican salsas or Indian chutneys, but since it is less liquid, it can also be used as a main ingredient in dishes such as tacos and fajitas.
Here are some different types of Salsa:

Mexican salsas were traditionally produced using the mortar and pestle-like molcajete, although blenders are now more commonly used. Well-known salsas include

There are many other salsas, both traditional and nouveau for instance, some are made with mint, pineapple, or mango
Make your own, it is much fresher and has not additives,   But remember to refridgerate it and don’t leave it out too long.  It is raw and can develop E. Coli.

 35) honey
Ah, honey, the nectar of the bees.  Honey is a HUGE topic.  I’m only going to touch on the high points and then give you a link to find out more.  Honey, it is thought, should last forever in your pantry because it has properties that don’t allow any bacteria to grow.  That is true and false.  Honey when stored in a dark, dry place and sealed from the air, can be kept for centuries.  But it is hygroscopic, which means it will absorb moisture.  When it becomes diluted with water it can grow mold or bacteria.  It also will absorb other smells and flavors. 
When honey remains in direct sunlight for about one day its lysozyme (an antibacterial albuminous enzyme) is destroyed.”The best honey is in the uncut honey combs. After being pumped out from there it is very vulnerable, and the main losses of quality take place during preservation and distribution. Heating up to 37°? causes loss of nearly 200 components, part of which are antibacterial. Heating up to 40°? destroys the invertase—the main bee enzyme, thanks to which the nectar becomes honey; heating up to 50°? turns the honey into caramel (the most valuable honey sugars become analogous to synthetic sugar). Generally any larger temperature fluctuation (10°? is ideal for preservation of ripe honey) causes decay.”

High quality natural honey can be distinguished by its fragrance and taste. The best period to stock up on honey is in summer, when it is being collected in large quantities. The ripe, freshly collected, high quality honey at 20°C (68°F) flows from the knife in a straight squirt, without breaking into separate drops. After falling down the honey should form a clear hillock. The ripe honey is being collected from the sealed honey combs; therefore it should always be of high quality.

The honey should not lay down in layers. If this is a case, it indicates the excessive humidity (over 20%) of the product, and such a honey would not be suitable for long term preservation.

A fluffy thin layer on the surface of the honey (like a white foam), or marble-coloured and white spots in crystallized honey at the wallsides of the bottle are caused by filling of liquid honey with subsequent sealing—the air bubbles are surfacing and part of them is concentrated at the wallsides. This is an indication of a high quality honey, which was filled without pasteurization (heating).

If the honey is transparent, burning with amber-like colours, then (unless it is very fresh) it has most likely been heated. Transparent and reluctant to thicken honey can also indicate its being a result of feeding the bees with sugar syrup or even sugar itself, which is bad both for the bees and for the honey they produce, as naturally they are supposed to feed on flower nectar.

A true honey that is at least one month old is usually of demure (not translucent) colours.

For more info on honey go to  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honey

36) maple syrup

Maple syrup is a sweetener made from the sap of maple trees. In Canada and the United States it is most often eaten with waffles and pancakes. It is sometimes used as an ingredient in baking, the making of candy, preparing desserts, or as a sugar source and flavoring agent in making beer. Sucrose is the most prevalent sugar in maple syrup.

It was first collected and used by Native Americans/First Nations and was later adopted by European settlers.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maple_syrup

37) white wine for cooking
white wine for cooking is used mostly in white or light tasting sauces.  Only one thing to know about cooking with wine.  Always use a wine that you could drink.  If you don’t like it, don’t use it.

38) red wine for cooking
same a white wine, except red wine is used mostly in tomato based dishes or heavier meaty gravies.

39) Mango Chutney
I added mango chutney because Mittie suggested it.  I don’t usually use chutney, but it can be very good.  Lets see what we can find out about Mango chutney.
Alton Brown has what looks like a good recipe:

Ingredients

  • 4 pounds fresh mangos, ripe but not too soft, peeled
  • 3 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 teaspoon chile flakes
  • 2 1/2 cups medium dice red onion
  • 1/4 cup minced fresh ginger
  • 1 cup small dice red bell pepper
  • 8 ounces unsweetened pineapple juice
  • 4 ounces cider vinegar
  • 1/2 cup brown sugar
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons curry powder
  • Kosher salt and fresh ground white pepper
  • 1/2 cup raisins or golden raisins
  • 1/2 cup toasted, roughly chopped macadamia nuts

Directions

Cut the mango flesh away from the pit. The pit is shaped similar to an obelisk, so you’ll end up with 2 large pieces and 2 smaller pieces from each mango. Roughly chop the flesh.

In a saute pan heat the oil and add the chile flakes. Be careful not to burn the chile, just toast to flavor the oil. Add the onions and sweat until soft. Add the ginger and bell pepper and saute for 1 to 2 minutes. Finally add the mango and cook for 1 more minute.

In a separate bowl, combine the pineapple juice, vinegar, sugar, and curry powder. Add this mixture to the pan. Stir to combine. Bring the mixture to a bare simmer and reduce for about 30 minutes, stirring frequently. Season with salt and pepper. Add the raisins and the nuts and transfer to another container over an ice bath. I used a mild yellow curry powder, but if you want it hotter go for red.

Chutneys of all types are generally served with a hot or spicy dish to allow the sweetness to balance the flavors.  If you have some good ideas on how to use chutney let me know.
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That’s really all for “Pantry” items.  If you have any that I have left off, let me know.  Next I’m going to talk about what staples to keep in the refrigerator, freezer and fresh. I won’t go into the detail I did for the Pantry items because I want to start cooking. Here are the lists:

 

Refrigerator

milk
eggs
butter
cheese
yogurt
cottage cheese
cream cheese
sour cream
meats/fish
deli meats
bacon
juices
carrots
celery
lemon
mushroom
lettuce

 

Freezer

orange juice concentrate
corn
green beans
spinach
peas
mixed vegetables
ground beef
chicken breasts
shrimp
dinner rolls or bread
ice cream
pie crust
nuts

peppers

 

Fresh

oranges
apples
bananas
tomatoes
potatoes
garlic
onions
bread